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Settlement, Beginnings to 1763
American Revolution, 1763-1783
The New Nation, 1783-1815
National Expansion and Reform: 1815-1848
Industry & Upheaval: 1849-1859
The Civil War: 1860-1865
The Gilded Age: 1866-1895
Turn of the Century: 1896-1913
WWI: The Great War 1914-1918
The Jazz Age: 1919-1928
The Great Depression: 1929-1938
WWII: 1939-1945
Post War United States: 1946-1969

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Economics & Inventions

Delve into the history and culture that has shaped America through the ages.

See when historic events occurred and when our hotels opened their doors in this interactive timeline. Scroll to the left and right to view the various time periods and learn more about our nation's rich history.

Are you a history buff? Add your voice. Join the Conversation on Facebook.

Icon Legend

  • Author
  • Composer
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  • Inventions
  • Major Events
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  • Nobel Peace Prize
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1732Poor Richard Almanack is published by Benjamin Franklin

1741Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God is published by Jonathan Edwards

1776The Declaration of Independence is published by Thomas Jefferson

Common Sense is published by Thomas Paine

1789Songs of Innocence is published by William Blake

1791Rights of Man is published by Thomas Paine

1806Compendious Dictionary of the English Language is published by Noah Webster

1814"The Star Spangled Banner" was written by Francis Scott Key and set to the tune of "Anacreon in Heaven.

1820The Legend of Sleepy Hollow is published by Washington Irving

1826The Last of the Mohicans is published by James Fenimore Cooper

1827Birds of America is published by John James Audubon

1831"My Country 'Tis of Thee" (also known as: "America") was first sung at Park Street Church in Boston.

1835"Amazing Grace" published to the tune of "New Britain" in William Walker's The Southern Harmony.

1839The New York Philharmonic is established, nation's oldest symphony orchestra.

1840Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque is published by Edgar Allen Poe

1845Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave is published by Frederick Douglass

The Raven is published by Edgar Allan Poe

1845Alexander Cartwright writes official and codified set of regulated rules of baseball

1848Oh! Susanna" written by Stephen Foster.1850"Camptown Races" written by Stephen Foster

1850The Scarlet Letter is published by Nathaniel Hawthorne

1851Moby Dick is published by Herman Melville1852Uncle Tom's Cabin is published by Harriet Beecher Stowe

1853"My Old Kentucky Home" written by Stephen Foster

1854Walden is published by Henry David Thoreau

1859Origin of Species is published by Charles Darwin

1862"Battle Hymn of the Republic" published with words by Julia Ward Howe and set to the tune: "Glory, Hallelujah."

1868Little Women is published by Louisa May Alcott

1869The Cincinnati Red Stockings become the first professional baseball team.

Very first game of American football, a collegiate one, between Rutgers University and Princeton University

1875Aristides (horse) wins first Kentucky Derby1876National League of baseball founded

1876The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is published by Mark Twain

1878"Carry Me Back to Old Virginny" written by James A. Bland

1881The Prince and the Pauper is published by Mark Twain

1881U.S. Open (Tennis) first held at the Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island.

First men's U.S. Open in tennis

1885Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published by Mark Twain

1887First women's U.S. Open in tennis

1888Looking Backward is published by Edward Bellamy

1891James Naismith invents basketball

1891Carnegie Hall opens in New York.

1893"Happy Birthday to You" written by Patty Hill and Mildred J. Hill

1895The Red Badge of Courage is published by Stephen Crane

1897John Philip Sousa composes march "Stars and Stripes Forever"; creates more than 100 popular marches, orchestral music

1898The Turn of the Screw is published by Henry James

1899The Awakening is published by Kate Chopin1900Leaves of Grass is published by Walt Whitman

1902University of Michigan wins first Rose Bowl.1903Boston Americans win first World Series1904Summer Olympics hosted in St. Louis, Missouri

1903The Call of the Wild is published by Jack London

1906White Fang is published by Jack London

The Jungle is published by Upton Sinclair

1906George M. Cohan writes "You're A Grand Old Flag"1907Florenz Ziegfeld launches Ziegfeld Follies

1911Ray Harroun wins first Indianapolis 500.

1911Popular songwriter Irving Berlin completes "Alexander's Ragtime Band."

Irving Berlin completes the hit "Alexander's Ragtime Band"

1914William Howard Taft was the first President to throw out the season's first ball.1916Professional Golfers' Association (PGA) established at Radisson Martinique on Broadway in New York City.

1919Black Sox Scandal during the that year's World Series, wherein the fallout lasts for decades

1920National Football League (NFL) formed by eleven teams in 1920 as the American Professional Football Association.

1922The Waste Land is published by T.S. Eliot

1923Chicago becomes jazz capital, trumpeter Louis Armstrong, pianist Jelly Roll Morton perform.

1924Boston Bruins are the first American team to be added to the National Hockey League (NHL).

1925The Great Gatsby is published by F. Scott Fitzgerald

1926The Sun Also Rises is published by Ernest Hemingway

1930The Maltese Falcon is published by Dashiell Hammett

As I Lay Dying is published by William Faulkner

1930Sinclair Lewis is Nobel Prize Winner In Literature

1931The Star-Spangled Banner is adopted as the national anthem.

George Beauchamp invents Electric Guitar

1932William Faulkner is published by Light in August

1932Winter Olympics hosted in Lake Placid, New York and Summer Olympics hosted in Los Angeles, California.1934The first "Augusta National Invitation" also know as the Masters Golf Tournament.

1935New York City's Downtown Athletic Club awards first Heisman Trophy to University of Chicago halfback Jay Berwanger1936Jesse Owens claims 4 gold medals at Olympic Games in Berlin.

1936Gone With the Wind is published by Margaret Mitchell1937Of Mice and Men is published by John Steinbeck

Their Eyes Were Watching God is published by Zora Neale Hurston

1936Eugene O'Neill is Nobel Prize Winner In Literature

1938Pearl Buck is Nobel Prize Winner In Literature

1939The Grapes of Wrath is published by John Steinbeck1940For Whom the Bell Tolls is published by Ernest Hemingway

1940"This Land Is Your Land" written by Woody Guthrie

1945The Glass Menagerie is published by Tennessee Williams

1946National Basketball Association (NBA) was founded in New York City as the Basketball Association of America.

1946Irving Berlin musical Annie Get Your Gun is huge hit.

1947Jackie Robinson breaks color barrier in baseball.1949Frank J. Zamboni invents first ice resurfacer

1949William Faulkner is Nobel Prize Winner In Literature

1951The Catcher in the Rye is published by J.D.Salinger1952Invisible Man is published by Ralph Ellison

Old Man and the Sea is published by Ernest Hemingway

East of Eden is published by John Steinbeck

Charlotte's Web is published by E.B. White

1953The Crucible is published by Arthur Miller

Fahrenheit 451 is published by Ray Bradbury

1954Ernest Hemingway is Nobel Prize Winner In Literature

1955Harry Olson and Herbert Belar invent synthesizer

1957On the Road is published by Jack Kerouac

The Cat in the Hat is published by Dr. Theodor Seuss Geisel

1958First number one song of Hot 100 was "Poor Little Fool" by Ricky Nelson

1960To Kill a Mockingbird is published by Harper Lee1961Catch 22 is published by Joseph Heller

1960Winter Olympics hosted in Squaw Valley, California.

1962One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest is published by Ken Kesey1963Where the Wild Things Are is published by Maurice Sendak

1962John Steinbeck is Nobel Prize Winner In Literature

1965Bob Dylan - Highway 61 Revisited1967The Beatles - Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band

1756Lydia Chapin Taft became the first woman in American history to vote

1770Boston Massacre

The population of the American colonies reaches 2,210,000 persons.

1773Boston Tea Party1774The First Continental Congress meets; twelve colonies send delegates1775–1783Deborah Sampson was the only woman who fought in the Revolutionary War

1775–1783American Revolutionary War1775Battle of Bunker Hill

1777The Battle of Brandywine

1783The Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolutionary War

1785–1795Little Turtle's War

1787Delaware is 1st state admitted

Pennsylvania is 2nd state admitted

New Jersey is 3rd state admitted

1787Northwest Ordinance

1788Georgia is 4th state admitted

Connecticut is 5th state admitted

Massachusetts is 6th state admitted

Maryland is 7th state admitted

South Carolina is 8th state admitted

New Hampshire is 9th state admitted

Virginia is 10th state admitted

New York is 11th state admitted1789North Carolina is 12th state admitted1790Rhode Island is 13th state admitted

1788The Federalist published1789Constitution goes into effect

The First United States Congress passes the Judiciary Act of 1789 and Hamilton tariff1790U.S. Supreme Court meets for the first time at the Merchants Exchange Building in New York City

Federal government moves from NYC to Philadelphia

1789-1797George Washington serves as president

1791Vermont is 14th state admitted1792Kentucky is 15th state admitted

1791First ten amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights, are ratified

1796Tennessee is 16th state admitted

1797-1801John Adams serves as president

1798-1800Franco-American War (Quasi-War)

1800Federal government moves from Philadelphia to Washington DC

Library of Congress founded

Congress declares February 22 a federal holiday to honor the legacies of the US presidents

1801-1809Thomas Jefferson serves as president

1801-1805First Barbary War

1803Ohio is 17th state admitted

1803Louisiana Purchas1804Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot the previous day by Vice President Aaron Burr in a duel at Weehawken, New Jersey.

Lewis and Clark set out on expedition to the Pacific Coast.

1808U.S. bans import of Slaves

1809-1817James Madison serves as president

1811William Henry Harrison's victory at the Battle of Tippecanoe

1811Tecumseh's War

1812Louisiana is 18th state admitted

1812-1815War of 18121813Peoria War1813-1814Creek War

1814British capture Washington, DC, and set fire to White House and Capitol.

Treaty of Ghent settles War of 1812

1815Second Barbary War1817-1818First Seminole War

1816Indiana is 19th state admitted1817Mississippi is 20th state admitted

1817-1825James Monroe serves as president

1818Illinois is 21st state admitted1819Alabama is 22nd state admitted1820Maine is 23rd state admitted

1818Treaty with Britain sets 49th parallel1820Missouri Compromise

1821Missouri is 24th state admitted

1823Monroe Doctrine

1825-1829John Quincy Adams serves as president

1825Erie Canal completed

1829-1837Andrew Jackson serves as president

1831Nat Turner slave revolt.

1832Black Hawk War

1835-1842Second Seminole War

1836Arkansas is 25th state admitted1837Michigan is 26th state admitted

1836Texas Revolution1838Iowa Territory organized

1836War of Texas Independence1838Aroostook War (Pork and Beans War)

1837-1841Martin Van Buren serves as president

1839Amistad Slave Ship Revolt1840Oregon Trail

1841William Henry Harrison serves as president1841-1845John Tyler serves as president

1845Florida is 27th state admitted

Texas is 28th state admitted1846Iowa is 29th state admitted

1845-1849James K. Polk serves as president

1846Oregon boundary with Canada established at 49th parallel

1846-1848Mexican-American War

1848Wisconsin is 30th state admitted1850California is 31st state admitted

1848The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican-American War

Mexican Cession1849California Gold Rush begins1850The Underground Railroad is started by William Still.

Utah and New Mexico Territories

1849-1850Zachary Taylor serves as president1850-1853Millard Fillmore serves as president

1853-1857Franklin Pierce serves as president

1853Gadsden Purchase

1854Nebraska and Kansas Territories

1855-1858Third Seminole War

1857-1861James Buchanan serves as president

1857Kansas ratifies anti-slavery constitution1858Abraham Lincoln–Stephen Douglas debates.

1858Minnesota is 32nd state admitted1859Oregon is 33rd state admitted

1859Pig War

1860Pony Express begins

South Carolina secedes from the Union1861Ten more states secede from the Union and establish the Confederate States of America1861-1868Western territories reorganized by Republican Congresses

1861Kansas is 34th state admitted

1861-1865Abraham Lincoln serves as president

1861-1865U.S. Civil War1861April 12th, First shot fired at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina

July 21st, First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), known as the first battle of the Civil War fought in Virginia1862April 6th-7th, The Battle of Shiloh in southwestern Tennesse

June 25th - July 1st, Seven Days Battles in Virginia

August 29th - 30th, The Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) fought in Virginia

September 17th, Battle of Antietam fought in Maryland and resulted in the single bloodiest day in American military history1862-1863December 31st - January 2nd, Battle of Stones River in Tennessee results in more than 25,000 casualties

1863West Virginia is 35th state admitted1864Nevada is 36th state admitted

1863Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation

Abraham Lincoln delivers Gettysburg Address1864General Ulysses S. Grant put in command of all Union forces1865Robert E. Lee made commander-in-chief of all Confederate forces

Abraham Lincoln assassinated; Andrew Johnson becomes President

American Civil War ends as the last elements of the Confederacy surrender

13th Amendment passes, permanently outlawing slavery

1863Abraham Lincoln proclaims a national Thanksgiving Day to be held each November

May 1st - 4th, Battle of Chancellorsville fought in Virginia

July 1st - 3rd, Battle of Gettysburg fought in Pennsylvania

September 19th - 20th, Battle of Chickamauga fought in Geogia1864May 5th - 7th, Battle of the Wilderness fought in Virginia

May 8th - 21st, Battle of Spotsylvania Court House fought in Virginia

1865-1869Andrew Johnson serves as president

1866Civil Rights Act of 18661867Alaska Purchased

Midway annexed

1867Nebraska is 37th state admitted

1869-1877Ulysses S. Grant serves as president

1869First Transcontinental Railroad is completed at Promontory Summit, Utah Territory1870First graduate programs (at Yale and Harvard)

December 25th, Christmas Day becomes a federal holiday.1871Great Chicago Fire

1872Yellowstone National Park established by the U.S. Congress

1876Colorado is 38th state admitted

1876Wild Bill Hickok is killed by a shot to the back of his head by Jack McCall while playing poker in Deadwood, South Dakota.1877The United States observes the first flag day.

1876Battle of the Little Bighorn1877Nez Perce War

1877-1881Rutherford B. Hayes serves as president

1878U.S.-Samoa treaty makes Pago Pago a navy coaling station1880U.S. population exceeds 50 million

1881James A. Garfield serves as president1881-1885Chester Arthur serves as president

1881The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona Territory

James Garfield assassinated

Clara Barton creates Red Cross

Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett1882Jesse James was shot and killed by Robert and Charlie Ford1883Brooklyn Bridge opens

1884Alaska Territory organized1885Washington monument completed1886Haymarket affair (Riot)

American Federation of Labor founded in Columbus, Ohio

1885-1889Grover Cleveland serves as president

1888National Geographic Society founded

1889North Dakota is 39th state admitted

South Dakota is 40th state admitted

Montana is 41st state admitted

Washington is 42nd state admitted

1889-1893Benjamin Harrison serves as president

1890Idaho is 43rd state admitted

Wyoming is 44th state admitted

1890Yosemite National Park created

Wounded Knee Massacre

Oklahoma Territory organized1891Marie Owens, born in Canada, was hired in Chicago as America's first female police officer

1893-1897Grover Cleveland serves as president

1893World's Fair: Columbian Exposition held in Chicago

1896Utah is 45th state admitted

1897-1901William McKinley serves as president

1897Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr co-founded Hull House in Chicago, Illinois, the first settlement house in the United States.1898Hawaii annexed

1898Spanish-American War

1899Guam,Phillipines, Puerto Rico annexed1900American Samoa annexed

1899-1902Philippine–American War

1901-1909Theodore Roosevelt serves as president

1903U.S. behind "uprising" separating Panama from Columbia; Panama leases canal zone to U.S.

1906San Francisco earthquake leaves 500 dead or missing and destroys about 4 sq mi of the city.

1906Theodore Roosevelt is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace

1907Oklahoma is 46th state admitted

1908Bureau of Investigation, forerunner of the FBI, is established

Ford Model T appears on market1909The U.S. penny is changed to the Abraham Lincoln design

NAACP founded by William Edward Burghardt Du Bois

Sonora Dodd of Spokane, Washington proposes the idea of a father's day.1910Boy Scouts of America chartered

1909-1913William Howard Taft serves as president

1911Supreme Court breaks up Standard Oil1912RMS Titanic sinks

Theodore Roosevelt shot, but not killed, while campaigning for the Bull Moose Party

1912New Mexico is 47th state admitted

Arizona is 48th state admitted

1912Elihu Root is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace

1913-1921Woodrow Wilson serves as president

1914Mother's Day established as a national holiday

Federal Trade Commission created

Woodrow Wilson establishes the first national mother's day holiday1915First long distance telephone service, between New York and San Francisco, is demonstrated.1916U.S. agrees to purchase Danish West Indies (Virgin Islands) for $25 million.

Jeannette Rankin of Montana is the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.

1914-1918World War I

1917Virgin Islands annexed1918Worldwide influenza epidemic strikes; by 1920, nearly 20 million are dead. In U.S., 500,000 perish.1919Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, prohibiting the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor.

1919Woodrow Wilson is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace

1920Panama Canal completed

1921-1923Warren G. Harding serves as president

1923-1929Calvin Coolidge serves as president

1925Charles G. Dawes is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace

1926NBC founded as the U.S.'s first major broadcast network1927Charles Lindbergh makes the first solo nonstop transatlantic flight in his plane The Spirit of St. Louis.1928Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.

Disney's Steamboat Willie opens, the first animated picture to feature Mickey Mouse

1929-1933Herbert Hoover serves as president

1929St. Valentine's Day massacre1931Mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison.

Empire State Building opens in New York City.

1929Frank B. Kellogg is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace1931Jane Addams is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace

Nicholas Murray Butler is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace

1932Hattie Wyatt Caraway of Arkansas is the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate, to fill a vacancy caused by the death of her husband.1933Franklin Delano Roosevelt sworn in as President; he is the last president to be inaugurated on March 4.

21st Amendment, ending Prohibition

TVA develops resources of Tennessee River1934Dust Bowl begins

1933-1945Franklin D. Roosevelt serves as president

1936Hoover Dam Completed1937Hindenburg disaster, killing 35 people and marking an end to airship travel

1938Armistice Day (now called Veteran's Day) becomes a legal federal holiday

1939-1945World War II

1941Mount Rushmore completed

1941Japanese attack Pearl Harbor

1944June 6th, D-Day

1945-1953Harry S Truman serves as president

1945United Nations established

Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Days later, Japan surrenders, ending World War II1946Winston Churchill's Iron Curtain speech

Phillipines given independence

1945Cordell Hull is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace1946Emily Greene Balch is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace

John R. Mott is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace

1947Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands captured from Japan administered by U.S.

1950Guam Territory organized

1950-1953Korean War

1950Ralph Bunche is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace

1953-1961Dwight D. Eisenhower serves as president

1953George C. Marshall is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace

1955Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white patron on a bus in Montgomery.

Actor James Dean is killed in a highway collision on his way to a racetrack in Salinas, California, while driving his racing Porsche 550 Spyder.

1957Civil Rights Act of 1957, primarily a voting rights bill, becomes the first civil rights legislation enacted by Congress since Reconstruction

Soviets launch Sputnik; "space race" begins1958NASA formed as the U.S. begins ramping up efforts to explore space

1959Alaska is 49th state admitted

Hawaii is 50th state admitted

1960Greensboro sit-ins, sparked by four African American college students refusing to move from a segregated lunch counter, spurs similar actions and increases sentiment in the Civil Rights Movement.1961Peace Corps established.

1960-1975Vietnam War1961Bay of Pigs Invasion

1961-1963John F. Kennedy serves as president

1962Linus Pauling is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace1964Martin Luther King is Nobel Prize Winner In Peace

1963-1969Lyndon B. Johnson serves as president

1964The Beatles arrive in the U.S., and subsequent appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show

1965Malcolm X assassinated in Harlem, New York1966Dr. Maulana Karenga of Long Beach creates Kwanzaa to bring African-Americans together in the aftermath of the Watts riots

1717Benjamin Franklin invents wooden swim fins

1744Benjamin Franklin invents Mail order

1765The Stamp Act was a direct tax imposed by the British Parliament on the colonies of British America.

1767The Townshend Acts places a tax on common products imported into the American Colonies, such as lead, paper, paint, glass, and tea

1776The first ice cream parlor in America opened in New York City.

Thomas Jefferson invents the swivel chair

1784Benjamin Franklin invents bifocal eyeglasses

1789The Treasury Department is established. It is the second oldest department in the Federal Government.

1792Coinage Act established the United States Mint.

Traders formalized their association with the Buttonwood Agreement which was the origin of the New York Stock Exchange.1793United States begins minting the penny

1793Eli Whitney invents cotton gin; revives dying slave economy of South

1796United States begins minting the quarter

United States begins minting the dime

1800Alessandro Volta invents electric battery

1803John Dalton devises table of elements

1806Benjamin Thompson Rumford invents the percolating coffee pot1807Robert Fulton invents first commercially successful steamboat

Sir Humphry Davy discovers the elements potassium and sodium

1811First steamboat to sail down Mississippi reaches New Orleans

1817Thomas H. Gallaudet invents American Sign Language

1819Panic of 1819; first major financial crisis in the United States

1821Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic rotation

1829Reverend Sylvester Graham invents Graham Cracker

1831Cyrus McCormick invents the mechanical reaper1832Samuel F.B. Morse designs improved electromagnetic telegraph

1834Thomas Davenport invents electric motor

Jacob Perkins invents refrigerator

1837Charles Babbage designs fully programmable mechanical computer.

1837Panic of 1837 Andrew Jackson refused to renew the charter of Second Bank of the United States, resulting in the withdrawal of government funds from that bank.

1839Daguerre invents first form of photography

Charles Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber

1847Sir James Simpson uses chloroform for childbirth

1849Walter Hunt invents safety pin

1851Singer patents sewing machine1852Elisha Graves Otis invented the first safety brake for elevators1853Original potato chip recipe was invented by chef George Crum.

1854Smith & Wesson invent revolver

1858First ironing board was co-patented by inventors William Vandenburg and James Harvey1859The escalator was invented by Nathan Ames

Edwin Laurentine Drake first to drill for oil in the United States.

1860Oliver F. Winchester invents Winchester repeating.

Daniel Hess of West Union, IA invents vacuum cleaner1861Post card invented by John P. Charlton1862Léon Foucault measures speed of light

1866United States begins minting the nickel

The motto In God We Trust appears on gold and silver coins, with the exception of the dime, which is too small.

1867Alfred Nobel patents dynamite

1869Fisk/Gould scandal (Black Friday 1869), attempted to corner the gold market on the New York Gold Exchange.

1873Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis invent jeans

1873Depression of 1873 triggered by the fall in demand for silver internationally

1876Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone1877Thomas Edison develops the recordable phonograph

1879Thomas Edison invents incandescent light

James Ritty invents cash register

1880United States adopts the "gold standard.

1882Henry W. Seely invents electric iron1883Maxim invents machine gun

1885Louis Pasteur administers successful rabies vaccination

William Le Baron Jenney completed first skyscraper using steel-frame construction1886Josephine Cochrane invents dishwasher

John Pemberton invents Coca-Cola

1887Slot Machine invented by Charles Fey1888Eastman's Kodak camera begins amateur photography

Theophilus von Kannel invents revolving door.

1890Clarence and E. Irvin Scott co-invented rolled toilet paper1891Ferris Wheel invented by George Washington Gale Ferris

1893Whitcomb L. Judson invents zipper1894Milton Hershey’s decides to produce sweet chocolate as a coating for his caramels.1895Wilhelm Rontgen discovers x-rays

1896Federal Reserve System Created

1899Sigmund Freud Interpretation of Dreams1901King Camp Gillette invents Disposable razor blade

Ransome Eli Olds develops first automobile mass produced in United States

1902Willis Haviland Carrier invented modern air conditioning1903Airplane invented by Wright Brothers

Mary Anderson invents first operational windshield wiper

1905Albert Einstein proposes Special Theory of Relativity

19071907 Bankers' Panic triggered by the failed attempt in October 1907 to corner the market on stock of the United Copper Company.

1907Albert A. Michelson is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1908GE patents electric toaster

1911Robert A Millikan measures electron's charge

1912First minimum wage law (for women only) enacted by Massachusetts1913Federal Reserve Act

1914Clayton Act passed, restricting mergers between companies1916Child Labor Act passed, setting a national minimum age of 14 in industries producing nonagricultural goods for interstate commerce or for export

1914Theodore W. Richards is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

1916Albert Einstein proposes General Theory of Relativity

1918Shapley determines sun is part of Milky Way galaxy

1920Treasury begins to buy silver at one dollar an ounce, as required by the Pittman Act of 1918

1921Earle Dickson invents bandage, adhesive

1923Robert A. Millikan is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1924Schrodinger proposes wave mechanics

1926Revenue Act passed, cutting taxes of those earning $1M or more by two-thirds

1927Arthur H. Compton is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1928Otto Frederick Rohwedder invents sliced bread (bread-slicing machine)

1929Air traffic control invented by Archie League1930Richard Drew (3M) invents Scotch tape1931Lawrence invents cyclotron

1929Wall Street Crash of 1929 triggering the Great Depression

Stock market prices peak, with New York Times index of industrial stocks at 4521931Committee for Unemployment Relief releases a report on unemployment showing that 4 to 5 million Americans were out of work.

1932Irving Langmuir is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry1934Harold C. Urey is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

1933Securities Act of 1933

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) established.1934The Gold Reserve Act withdraws gold coins from circulation, provides for the devaluation of the dollar's gold content, and creates the Exchange Stabilization Fund.

Securities and Exchange Commission created.

1933Thomas H. Morgan is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine1934George R. Minot is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

William P. Murphy is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

George H. Whipple is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

1934Fermi creates plutonium

1936Generally Accepted Accounting Principles instituted.

1936Carl D. Anderson is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics1937Clinton Davisson is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1937Dow Chemical develops plastics

First shopping cart invented by Sylvan Goldman

1938Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA, or Fannie Mae) created.

Fair Labor Standards Act passed, enacting first national minimum wage law

1939Ernest Lawrence is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1943Otto Stern is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1943Edward A. Doisy is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

1944World leaders meet in Bretton Woods, NH. Resulting in creation of World Bank & International Monetary Fund.

1944Isidor Isaac Rabi is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics1946Percy W. Bridgman is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1944Joseph Erlanger is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

Herbert S. Gasser is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine1946Hermann J. Muller is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

1945Microwave Oven invented by Percy Spencer

1946John H. Northrop is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

Wendell M. Stanley is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

James B. Sumner is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

1947Gerty Cori is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

Carl Cori is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

1948Bell Labs invent transistor

1949William F. Giauque is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

1950Philip S. Hench is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

Edward C. Kendall is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine1952Selman A. Waksman is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

1951Glenn T. Seaborg is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

Edwin M. McMillan is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

1952Felix Bloch is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

E. M. Purcell is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1953Watson & Crick DNA=double helix1954U.S. Nautilus first nuclear submarine

1953Fritz Lipmann is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine1954Frederick C. Robbins is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

John F. Enders is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

Thomas H. Weller is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

1954Linus Pauling is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry1955Vincent du Vigneaud is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

1955Willis E. Lamb is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

Polykarp Kusch is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1956Charles Ginsburg and Ray Dolby invent videotape

1956John Bardeen is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

Walter H. Brattain is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

William B. Shockley is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1956Dickinson W. Richards is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

André F. Cournand is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine1958Edward Tatum is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

Joshua Lederberg is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

George Beadle is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

1959Emilio Segrè is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

Owen Chamberlain is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics1960Donald A. Glaser is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics1961Robert Hofstadter is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1959Severo Ochoa is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

Arthur Kornberg is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine1961Georg von Békésy is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

1960Theodore H. Maiman makes first laser

1960Willard F. Libby is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry1961Melvin Calvin is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

1962James Watson is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine1964Konrad Bloch is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

1963Samuel Cohen invents neutron bomb1964William Lear invented the eight-track

1963Eugene Wigner is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

Maria Goeppert-Mayer is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics1964Charles H. Townes is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1965James Russell invents the compact disc

1965Robert B. Woodward is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry1966Robert S. Mulliken is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

1965Richard P. Feynman is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

Julian Schwinger is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics1967Hans Bethe is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1966Charles B. Huggins is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

Peyton Rous is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine1967Haldan K. Hartline is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

George Wald is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

1968Lars Onsager is Nobel Prize Winner In Chemistry

1968Luis Alvarez is Nobel Prize Winner In Physics

1968Robert W. Holley is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

H. Gobind Khorana is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine

Marshall W. Nirenberg is Nobel Prize Winner In Physiology Or Medicine