Boone Tavern Hotel of Berea College

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Discover Boone Tavern Hotel of Berea College, which was built on the old Dixie Highway and named after early Kentucky explorer Daniel Boone.

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Boone Tavern Hotel, a member of Historic Hotels of America since 1994, dates back to 1909.

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Boone Tavern Hotel & Restaurant

Open since 1909, learn about the hotel’s brilliant history and wonderful facilities from those who watch over it every day.

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Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, Boone Tavern at Berea College is among the most historic holiday destinations in all of Kentucky. The hotel was originally constructed at the behest of Eleanor Frost, a socialite married to the President of Berea College, William G. Frost. Eleanor was disturbed by the fact that all the guests who came the university were typically hosted at the President’s House for lodging and meals. But as the reputation of the college grew, so did the numbers of visitors that the Frost’s received. At one point, Eleanor and William were stuck entertaining well over 300 people in just a single summer. To alleviate the strain, Eleanor Frost pitched to her husband that Berea College needed a magnificent hotel that would impress all who stepped inside. Sparing no expense, William convinced the school’s administration to sponsor the construction of a beautiful new building on the campus grounds. Construction itself finally began in 1907, based on designs submitted by the New York-based architectural firm “Cady & See.” The blueprints cost some $20,000 to produce and called for the development of a gorgeous, Colonial Revival-style edifice. Students in the college’s brickyard supplied the building materials for the project, while its Woodwork Department provided most of the labor. After two years of continuous work, the building debuted as the “Boone Tavern Hotel and Restaurant” to great local acclaim. Berea College had decided to name the business after Appalachian hero Daniel Boone. Yet, the “Tavern” portion of the title was derived from the historic definition that referred to a public inn for travelers, rather than the modern definition to the sale of alcohol.

Boone Tavern Hotel’s location on College Square was in the heart of downtown Berea, specifically at an intersection of the historic Dixie Highway that bisected the center of town. Many travelers passing through Berea stayed at the hotel as such, in addition to the throngs of guests who continued to visit the college. Yet, the quality of its service separated it from its competitors, with word of its luxury spreading across the country. The students themselves were largely responsible for creating such an atmosphere, as many worked as clerks, bellhops, and servers within the hotel’s restaurant. Both Eleanor and William desired for the hotel to provide a learning environment that would help young professionals develop the necessary business skills to thrive in the hospitality industry. (Berea College itself was founded on the principal that labor was not just a means of support, but of education, too. As such, students at Berea College were—and still are—required to work somewhere onsite as part of its work-study program.) Over time, Boone Tavern developed something of a national reputation, with some famous patrons stopping by at one point or another. Among the distinguished guests have included the likes of Henry Ford, Maya Angelou, and former first Lady Eleanor Roosevelt. But perhaps the greatest individual to make an appearance at Boone Tavern was President Calvin Coolidge, and his wife, First Lady Grace Goodhue Coolidge. Boone Tavern today continues to maintain its status as a world-class vacation getaway. The first LEED-certified hotel in Kentucky, it features some of the finest amenities and guest accommodations throughout the whole commonwealth.

  • About the Location +

    The Boone Tavern Hotel is owned and operated by Berea College, one of Kentucky’s most prestigious institutions of higher education. Founded in 1855 by Reverend John Gregg Fee—a noted abolitionist—the school was the first non-segregated, coeducational facility to operate in the southern United States. Another noted anti-slavery activist named Cassius Marcellus Clay granted Fee the land upon which to construct the new university, which Fee called “Berea” after the biblical community referenced in the Bible. Starting out as a one-room schoolhouse that doubled as a church, Berea gradually grew in size until it featured several accompanying facilities. By 1869, it had become a fully recognized college with its first bachelor degrees awarded several years later. Blacks and whites also attended class regularly, even as the rest of Kentucky was culturally torn asunder due to the ongoing section crisis of the mid-19th century. Fee had hoped that his college would facilitate equality through the shared experience of education among men and women of all races. But the school was not without its hardships. Proslavery sympathizers had actually driven Fee and his fellow staff members from Berea in 1859, with only a handful returning alongside the reverend once the American Civil War had ended. And new state regulations at the beginning of the 20th century forbade any interracial education centers to exist within the commonwealth’s borders. Berea College even challenged the legislation in a U.S. Supreme Court case called Berea College v. Kentucky, although it ultimately lost the decision. Nevertheless, the school resisted the verdict in many other ways, the most prominent of which involved the distribution of funds to open the Lincoln Institute for all the black students who could no longer attend. Fortunately, the infamous “Day Law” that prohibited interracial schooling was repealed in 1950, allowing for Berea College to resume its original mission.

    Berea College is famous for its renowned work-study program, too. Fee and his associates also founded the college, in part, to experiment with the use of “labor” as a tool for education. Similar schools across the nation at the time embraced the novel idea that hard work and career training were effective ways in which to strengthen the spirit and broaden the mind. Among the most prominent institutions to explore the idea included the Oneida Institute, Oberlin College, and the Lane Theological Seminary. But many of those programs closed down within a matter of years, leaving the one at Berea the sole survivor from the period. A major reason why Berea College’s work-study curriculum endured through the ages was that the institution excelled at finding wonderful economic prospects for its student body. Perhaps the greatest of those opportunities was the chance to work at Berea College’s Boone Tavern Hotel in the early 1900s. In fact, the student body had built the building itself, as the Woodwork Department provided most of the labor. (Bricks came from the college’s brickyard, as well.) Many other students served a variety of roles inside the hotel, working as bellhops, clerks, waiters, and a dozen other occupations. Soon enough, Berea College was offering a Hotel Management major through its Department of Economics that became renowned across the country. Richard T. Hougen was one such hotelier who invested himself greatly into the program’s success. A graduate of Columbia University, Hougen began managing the Boone Tavern Hotel in 1940. His guidance ensured that most of his graduates moved onto lucrative careers in the hospitality industry. (Hougen also acted as an authority on the culinary arts, and transformed the facility into one of Kentucky’s leading fine dining establishments.) Berea College’s work-study program remains fully active today. Students work several hours each week in exchange for free tuition and professional experience.


  • About the Architecture +

    Architects J.C. Cady of the architectural firm “Cady and See” designed the Boone Tavern Hotel at Berea College at the start of the 20th century. Cady was an accomplished architect at the time, having worked on various aspects of the Old Metropolitan Opera House and the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. The hotel itself bears the distinction of being the first commercial building in Berea to feature Colonial Revival-style architecture. Colonial Revival architecture today is perhaps the most widely used building form in the entire United States. It reached its zenith at the height of the Gilded Age, where countless Americans turned to the aesthetic to celebrate what they feared was America’s disappearing past. The movement came about in the aftermath of the Centennial International Exhibition of 1876, in which people from across the country traveled to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to commemorate the American Revolution. Many of the exhibitors chose to display cultural representations of 18th-century America, encouraging millions of people across the country to preserve the nation’s history. Architects were among those inspired, who looked to revitalize the design principles of colonial English and Dutch homes. This gradually gave way to a larger embrace of Georgian and Federal-style architecture, which focused exclusively on the country’s formative years. As such, structures built in the style of Colonial Revival architecture featured such components as pilasters, brickwork, and modest, double-hung windows. Symmetrical designs defined Colonial Revival-style façades, anchored by a central, pedimented front door and simplistic portico. Gable roofs typically topped the buildings, although hipped and gambrel forms were used, as well. This building form remained immensely popular for years until largely petering out in late-20th century. Nevertheless, architects today still rely upon Colonial Revival architecture, using the form to construct all kinds of residential buildings and commercial complexes.


  • Famous Historic Guests +

    Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady to former U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933 – 1945)

    Grace Goodhue, First Lady to former U.S. President Calvin Coolidge (1923 – 1929)

    Henry Ford, founder of the Ford Motor Company

    Maya Angelou, civil rights activist and poet known for such works like I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings.

    The Dalai Lama, world-renowned spiritual leader considered to be a living incarnation of Buddha.

    Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States (1923 – 1929)


  • Women in History +

    Eleanor Roosevelt: The Boone Tavern at Berea College has hosted countless luminaries throughout its history, ranging from Hollywood celebrities to notable politicians. Among those illustrious individuals who stayed at the inn on numerous occasions was former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt. She was born Anna Eleanor Roosevelt in 1884, the daughter of Elliott and Anna Hall Roosevelt. A member of the Oyster Bay clan of the Roosevelt dynasty, Elliott himself was the brother of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt’s immediate family cherished community service, although both her parents died at an early age. Her intellectually progressive outlook on life was further reinforced by Marie Souvestre, who was Roosevelt’s headmistress during her time in London’s prestigious Allenswood Boarding Academy. Nevertheless, she kept those personal influences close to her heart, and used them as the foundation for her future work as a social activist. Indeed, some of her earliest work involved tending to the overcrowded tenement houses in New York City’s Lower East Side.

    Around the same time, she began courting her distant cousin, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. They eventually married in 1905 and had six children together. Yet, the marriage was strained by the two’s dueling personalities, as well as the demands of her husband’s early political career. Roosevelt often felt her responsibilities as a “political wife” were tedious, especially after Franklin’s appointment as the Assistant Secretary of War shortly before the outbreak of World War I. Their marriage further deteriorated in 1918, when Eleanor discovered that Franklin had an affair with their mutual friend, Lucy Mercer. Roosevelt, thus, vowed to throw herself fully back into her political activism. But the two had a strong understanding that their fates remained intertwined and aspired to support one another going forward. It was Eleanor who encouraged Franklin to remain in politics when he was beset with polio in 1921. As such, Eleanor Roosevelt was incredibly instrumental in aiding her husband’s election as the Governor of New York in 1928, as well as his subsequent rise to the presidency four years later. She often gave numerous speeches in public on his behalf that galvanized thousands of people. Roosevelt also became a central figure at his campaign events, serving as her husband’s voice whenever he could not attend.

    But Eleanor Roosevelt still established her own vibrant political career as the First Lady of the United States. Historians today consider her actions to have fundamentally transformed the role that the First Lady traditionally held within the national government. Roosevelt used her position to advance a number of causes close to her heart, including gender equality, civil rights, and housing reform. For instance, she arranged a massive celebration at the nearby Lincoln Memorial to protest the racist decision of the Daughters of the American Revolution to not let Marian Anderson—an African American opera singer—perform at Constitution Hall. On another occasion, she privately lobbied for the passage of the Costigan-Wagner Bill, which would have made lynching a federal crime. Roosevelt also held exclusive press conferences at the White House for female journalists, in order to help enable women to break into the field. She even attempted to create an experimental community in West Virginia called “Arthurdale,” where homeless miners would have a shot at achieving a new, independent life. Although considered a failure, it was testimony to her commitment to enhance the lives of countless others.

    Eleanor Roosevelt’s historic career continued well after her time at the White House ended in 1945. She played a significant role in turning Hyde Park into a museum dedicated to her late husband’s legacy, which set a precedent for future presidential libraries to follow. She also served as a delegate to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, becoming its chairperson in 1947. Roosevelt remained with the organization until 1953, and her political insight proved integral toward drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. After working to reform New York politics throughout the remainder of the decade, Roosevelt eventually worked to support the campaign of John F. Kennedy. While she initially rebuffed Kennedy for his refusal to denounce McCarthyism, Roosevelt relented on the grounds that she believed he had the best chance of leading the nation into the future at the time. When Kennedy won in 1960, she became his representative to such organizations like the National Advisory Committee to the Peace Corps. Then, in 1961, Kennedy appointed her as the First Chair of the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women. But Roosevelt would not see the commission come to fruition, as she died mere months after it was organized. Eleanor Roosevelt has since been revered as one of the most influential figures in 20th-century American history and is esteemed across the world today for her years of advocacy.

    Maya Angelou: Of the many luminaries to visit the Boone Tavern over the years, few are as distinguished as American poet, actress, and civil rights activist Maya Angelou. The author of seven autobiographies, three books of essays, and countless other works of literature, Angelou’s spectacular career lasted for some 50 years. Perhaps the most critically acclaimed work that she produced was her first—I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. The first in her seven-part autobiographical series, the book is a first-hand account of her childhood and adolescence. It is a classic “coming-of-age” story that demonstrated how the strength of the spirit can overcome the obstacles of trauma. Her evolution specifically illustrated her growth from a victim of racism to a strong woman capable of confronting prejudice.

    She went on to have a diverse career as a young adult, working in occupations that ranged from being a nightclub dancer to serving a fry cook. Angelo even spent time as a cast member for the operatic troupe, Porgy and Bess. But she soon found herself immersed in the Civil Rights Movement of the mid-20th century, acting as a coordinator for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Soon enough, Angelou was protesting alongside the likes of Malcom X and Martin Luther King Jr. But Angelou never stopped writing. She continued to create all kinds of literary productions, including a ten-part television series called Black, Blue, Black. Aired in 1968, it explored the influences of African cultural on American society. Angelou also built a strong reputation as an actress, receiving a Tony Award nomination for her performance in Look Away.

    In testimony for her great contributions to the arts, Maya Angelou earned countless accolades throughout her life. For instance, Wake Forest University made her a professor of its American Studies program during the early 1980s. She also was invited to be the first poet since Robert Frost to speak at a presidential inauguration, performing her poem “On the Pulse of Morning” in 1993. Her other honorary speaking engagements included commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the United Nations and elegizing the death of Nelson Mandela. Perhaps the greatest honor bestowed upon her was the Presidential Medal of Freedom, which she received shortly before her death in 2014.


Image of Historian Stanley Turkel, Historic Hotels of America Image of Stanley Turkel's Book Built To Last: 100 Year Old Hotels East of the Mississippi, Historic Hotels of America.

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Hotel History: Boone Tavern Hotel at Berea College (1909), Berea, Kentucky*



By Stanley Turkel, CMHS



Built on the old Dixie Highway and named after Kentucky explorer Daniel Boone, the historic Boone Tavern Hotel is located on College Square in Berea, Kentucky. The hotel is owned by Berea College and operated with student workers from the College Labor Program. Students earn money for books, room and board but do not pay tuition (valued at $25,500 per year), thanks to the generosity of donors who support Berea College's mission of providing a free high quality education for students primarily from Appalachia who have high academic potential and limited financial resources.



Berea College was founded in 1855 by abolitionists John Gregg Fee and Cassius Marcellus Clay* as a liberal arts work college which charges no tuition. Berea was the first college in the southern United States to be coeducational and racially integrated. It has a full-participation work-study program where students are required to work at least 10 hours per week in campus and service jobs in over 130 departments.



In 1866, Berea's first full year after the Civil War, it registered 187 students (96 African Americans and 91 white) who took preparatory study classes to ready them for college-level courses. In 1869, the first college students were admitted and the first bachelor's degrees were awarded in 1873.



In 1904, the Kentucky state legislature's passage of the "Day Law" disrupted Berea's interracial education by prohibiting education of black and white students together. The college challenged the law in state court and further appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court in Berea College v. Kentucky. When the challenge failed, the college had to become a segregated school, but it set aside funds to help establish the Lincoln Institute near Louisville to educate black students. In 1925, famed advertiser Bruce Barton, a future congressman, sent a letter to 24 wealthy men in America to raise funds for the college. Every single letter was returned with a minimum of $1,000 in donations. In 1950, when the law was amended to allow integration of schools at the college level, Berea promptly resumed its integrated policies.



Boone Tavern Hotel features 63 guestrooms furnished with hand-made early American furniture made by Berea students in the college’s woodcraft shop. The Boone Tavern Restaurant is so well known for its long-standing tradition of excellent food that in 2003 it received the Duncan Hines Excellence in Hospitality Award. The Tavern's spoonbread, a corn meal-based concoction, is so beloved that the city holds an annual Spoonbread Festival.



In order to support its extensive scholarship program, Berea College has one of the largest financial reserves of any American college when measured on a per-student basis. The endowment stands at $950 million, down from its 2007 height of $1.1 billion. The base of Berea College's finances is dependent on substantial contributions from individuals, foundations, corporations that support the mission of the college and donations from alumni. A solid investment strategy increased the endowment from $150 million in 1985 to its current amount.



In 2010, the Boone Tavern Hotel was awarded LEED Gold certification by the U.S. Green Building Council making it the first LEED certified hotel in Kentucky. The Boone Tavern Hotel is a member of the Historic Hotels of America and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.



*The greatest heavyweight boxer of all time, Muhammed Ali was also born Cassius Marcellus Clay. His father Marcellus Clay, a sign painter named his son for the white Kentucky anti-slavery crusader.



**excerpted from his book Built To Last: 100+ Year-Old Hotels East of the Mississippi



*****



About Stanley Turkel, CMHS



Stanley Turkel is a recognized consultant in the hotel industry. He operates his hotel consulting practice serving as an expert witness in hotel-related cases and providing asset management an and hotel franchising consultation. Prior to forming his hotel consulting firm, Turkel was the Product Line Manager for worldwide Hotel/Motel Operations at the International Telephone & Telegraph Co. overseeing the Sheraton Corporation of America. Before joining IT&T, he was the Resident Manager of the Americana Hotel (1842 Rooms), General Manager of the Drake Hotel (680 Rooms) and General Manager of the Summit Hotel (762 Rooms), all in New York City. He serves as a Friend of the Tisch Center and lectures at the NYU Tisch Center for Hospitality and Tourism. He is certified as a Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus by the Educational Institute of the American Hotel and Lodging Association. He served for eleven years as Chairman of the Board of the Trustees of the City Club of New York and is now the Honorary Chairman.



Stanley Turkel is one of the most widely-published authors in the hospitality field. More than 275 articles on various hotel subjects have been posted in hotel magazines and on the Hotel-Online, Blue MauMau, Hotel News Resource and eTurboNews websites. Two of his hotel books have been promoted, distributed and sold by the American Hotel & Lodging Educational Institute (Great American Hoteliers: Pioneers of the Hotel Industry and Built To Last: 100+ Year-Old Hotels East of the Mississippi). A third hotel book (Built To Last: 100+ Year-Old Hotels in New York) was called "passionate and informative" by the New York Times. Executive Vice President of Historic Hotels of America, Lawrence Horwitz, has even praised one book, Great American Hoteliers Volume 2: Pioneers of the Hotel Industry:



  • “If you have ever been in a hotel, as a guest, attended a conference, enjoyed a romantic dinner, celebrated a special occasion, or worked as a hotelier in the front or back of the house, Great American Hoteliers, Volume 2: Pioneers of the Hotel Industry is a must read book. This book is recommended for any business person, entrepreneur, student, or aspiring hotelier. This book is an excellent history book with insights into seventeen of the great innovators and visionaries of the hotel industry and their inspirational stories.”


Turkel was designated as the “2014 Historian of the Year by Historic Hotels of America,” the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. This award is presented to an individual for making a unique contribution in the research and presentation of history and whose work has encouraged a wide discussion, greater understanding and enthusiasm for American History.



Works published by Stanley Turkel include:



Most of these books can be ordered from AuthorHouse—(except Heroes of the American Reconstruction, which can be ordered from McFarland)—by visiting www.stanleyturkel.com, or by clicking on the book’s title.



Contact: Stanley Turkel



stanturkel@aol.com/917-628-8549

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